Bio-preservation and bio-active compounds as sustainable strategies to improve quality and safety of fresh and fermented products

Barbieri, Federica (2023) Bio-preservation and bio-active compounds as sustainable strategies to improve quality and safety of fresh and fermented products, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 35 Ciclo.
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The development of new “green” and sustainable approaches to reduce food wastes, guaranteeing food quality, microbiological safety and the environmental sustainability, is of great interest for food industry. This PhD thesis, as part of the European project BioProMedFood (PRIMA–Section2 Programme), was focused on two strategies: the use of natural antimicrobials and the application of microbial strains isolated from spontaneously fermented products. The first part concerned the valorisation of microbial biodiversity of 15 Mediterranean spontaneously fermented sausages, through the isolation of autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains, mainly Latilactobacillus sakei, that were characterised regarding their safety and technological aspects. The most promising strains were tested as bio-protective cultures in fresh sausages, showing promising anti-listerial activity, or as starter cultures in fermented sausages. The second part of the research was focused on the use of natural compounds (phenolic extracts and essential oils from Juniperus oxycedrus needles and Rubus fruticosus leaves) with antimicrobial potential. They were tested in vitro against List. monocytogenes and Enterococcus faecium, showing differences in relation to species and type of extracts, but they hint at important possibilities for applications in specific foods. Concluding, this PhD thesis highlighted the great potential of traditional meat products as an isolation source of new strains with industrial importance. Moreover, the antimicrobial potential of compounds obtained from plant matrices opened promising perspectives to exploit them as “green” strategies to increase fresh food safety. The last topic of research, carry out in collaboration with Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences (University of Granada), investigated the effect of LAB fermentation on avocado leaves by-products, focusing on the bio-availability of phenolic compounds in the plant extracts, caused by microbial metabolism.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Barbieri, Federica
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Bio-protective cultures, lactic acid bacteria, starter cultures, essential oils, bio-preservation, fermented meat products, shelf-life
Data di discussione
30 Giugno 2023

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