Ruolo delle cellule staminali mesenchimali in modelli cellulari e animali di nefropatia

Magnasco, Alberto (2008) Ruolo delle cellule staminali mesenchimali in modelli cellulari e animali di nefropatia, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze nefrologiche, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1085.
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Background. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may be of value in regeneration of renal tissue after damage, however lack of biological knowledge and variability of results in animal models limit their utilization. Methods. We studied the effects of MSC on podocytes ‘in vitro’ and ‘in vivo’ utilizing adriamycin (ADR) as a model of renal toxicity. The ‘in vivo’ experimental approach was carried out in male Sprague Dawley rats (overall 60 animals) treated with different ADR schemes to induce acute and chronic nephrosis. MSC were given a) concomitantly to ADR in tail vein or b) in aorta and c) in tail vein 60 days after ADR. Homing was assessed with PKH26-MSC. Results. MSC rescued podocytes from apoptosis induced by ADR ‘in vitro’. The maximal effect (80% rescue) was obtained with MSC/Podocytes co-culture ratio of 1:1 for 72 hours. All rats treated with ADR developed nephrosis. In no case MSC modified the clinical parameters (i.e. proteinuria, serum creatinine, lipids) but protected the kidney from severe glomerulosclerosis when given concomitantly to ADR. Rats given MSC 60 days after ADR developed the same severe renal damage. Only few MSC were found in renal tubule-interstitial areas after 1-24 hours from injection and no MSC was detected in glomeruli. Conclusions. MSC reduced apoptosis of podocytes treated with ADR ‘in vitro’. Early and repeated MSC infusion blunted glomerular damage in chronic ADR nephropathy. MSC did not modify proteinuria and progression to renal failure, that implies lack of regenerative potential in this model.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Magnasco, Alberto
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
mscs oxidation podocytes nephrotic syndrome regeneration kidney
Data di discussione
4 Aprile 2008

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