Electrochemistry of polycyclic aromatic molecules for advanced carbon nanostructures: luminescence and transistor applications

Ripani, Lorenzo (2024) Electrochemistry of polycyclic aromatic molecules for advanced carbon nanostructures: luminescence and transistor applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 36 Ciclo.
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large class of π-conjugated organic molecules with fused aromatic rings, which can be considered as fragments of 2D-graphene and have been extensively studied for their unique optical and electronic properties. The aim of this study is to understand the complex electrochemical behaviour of planar, curved, and heteroatom doped polycyclic aromatic molecules, particularly focusing on the oxidative coupling of their radical cations and the electrochemically induced cyclodehydrogenation reactions. In the first part of this thesis, the class of PAHs and aromatic nanostructures are introduced, and the reactivity of electrogenerated species is discussed, focusing on the electrochemical approach for the synthesis of extended π-conjugated structures. Subsequently, the electrochemical properties and reactivity of electrogenerated radical ions of planar and curved polyaromatics are correlated to their structures. In the third chapter, electrochemical cyclodehydrogenation of hexaphenylbenzene is used to prepare self-assembled hexabenzocoronene, directly deposited on an interdigitated electrode, which was characterised as organic electrochemical transistor. In the fourth chapter, the electrochemical behaviour of a family of azapyrene derivatives has been carefully investigated together with the electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), both by ion-annihilation and co-reactant methods. Two structural azapyrene isomers with different nitrogen positions are thoroughly discussed in terms of redox and ECL properties. Interestingly, the ECL of only one of them showed a double emission with excimer formation. A detailed mechanism is discussed for the ECL by co-reactant benzoyl peroxide, to rationalise the different ECL behaviours of the two isomers on the basis of their topologically modulated electronic properties. In conclusion, the different electrochemical behaviours of PAHs were shown, focussing on the chemical reactivity of the electrogenerated species and taking advantage of it for important processes spanning from unconventional synthesis methods for carbon nanostructures to the exploitation of self-assembled nanostructured systems in organic electronics, to novel organic emitters in ECL.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Ripani, Lorenzo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAH, electrochemistry, electrochemical transistor, nanomaterial, electrogenerated chemiluminescence, ECL, aromatic molecules, azapyrene, cyclodehydrogenation, oxidative coupling, radical ion, organic material
Data di discussione
20 Marzo 2024

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