Ruolo della PLCγ1 e della PKCε nel differenziamento miogenico

Gaboardi, Gian Carlo (2008) Ruolo della PLCγ1 e della PKCε nel differenziamento miogenico, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze morfologiche umane e molecolari, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1076.
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Phospholipase C (PLC) has been known to be a key effector protein in signal transduction pathway for cell proliferation and differentiation. Studies on signalling through the insulin/IGF-1 receptors in muscle differentiation have revealed that PLCγ1 is involved during this process and that both mRNA and protein levels were increased during myogenesis. Based on increasing signal transduction pathways that required both PLCγ1 and PKCε, we investigated its role in insulin stimulation of skeletal muscle differentiation. The precise effects of insulin on specific PKC isoforms are as yet unknown. Insulin stimulation produced a gradual increase in PKCε expression and activation of PKCε through skeletal muscle differentiation. By immunoprecipitation we have demonstrated that endogenous PLCγ1 and PKCε belong to the same immunocomplex that increase during through myogenic differentiation. Furthermore, the SH domain of PLCγ1 is involved in the protein complex and that its confine to the Golgi membrane. PLCγ1 has been involved in cyclin D3 up-regulation. By overexpression and silencing approach we have evidenced that PKCε modulate the espression of cyclin D3; the kinase dead form of PKCε doesn’t maintain the same ability. Using a reporter hGH vector we proved that PKCε acts at transcriptional level by affecting the -37 region of cyclin D3 promoter, as has been described previous for PLCγ1. In summary this data proved the involvement of PKCε in the regulation of cyclin D3 expression, together with PLCγ1.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Gaboardi, Gian Carlo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
differenziamento miogenico plcγ pck ciclena d3 insulina dominii sh
Data di discussione
26 Maggio 2008

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