New Gold(I) complexes: from ligand design to homogeneous catalysis

Pedrazzani, Riccardo (2023) New Gold(I) complexes: from ligand design to homogeneous catalysis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 35 Ciclo.
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This PhD thesis summarize the work carried out during three years of PhD course. Several thematic concerning gold(I) chemistry are analysed by crossing data from different chemistry areas as: organic chemistry, organometallic chemistry, inorganic chemistry and computational chemistry. In particular, the thesis focuses its attention on the evaluation of secondary electronic interactions, subsisting between ligand and Au(I) metal centre in the catalyst, and their effects on catalytic activity. The interaction that has been taken in consideration is the Au…Ar π-interaction which is known to prevent the decomposition of catalyst, but exhaustive investigations of further effects has never been done so far. New libraries of carbene (ImPy) and biarylphosphine ligands have been designed and synthetized for the purpose and subsequently utilized for the synthesis of corresponding Au(I) complexes. Resulting catalysts are tested in various catalytic processes involving different intermediates and in combination with solid state information from SC-XRD revealed an unprecedented activation mode which is only explained by considering both electronic nature and strength of Au…Ar π-interaction. DFT calculation carried on catalysis intermediates are in agreement with experimental ones, giving robustness to the theory. Moreover, a new synthetic protocol for the lactonization of N-allenyl indole-2-carboxylic acids is presented. Reaction conditions are optimized with the newly synthetized ImPy-Au(I) catalysts and different substrates are also tested providing a quite broad reaction scope. Chiral ImPy ligands have also been developed for the asymmetric variant of the same reaction and encouraging enantiomeric excess are obtained.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Pedrazzani, Riccardo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
gold, ligand, carbene, NHC, phosphine, organometallic chemistry, organic chemistry, X-ray diffraction, catalysis, homogenous catalysis, ligand design, NMR, synthesis
Data di discussione
15 Marzo 2023

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