Analytical approaches for the measurement of sulfide in biological and pharmaceutical fields

Zhang, Nan (2023) Analytical approaches for the measurement of sulfide in biological and pharmaceutical fields, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10681.
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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a widely recognized gasotransmitter, with key roles in physiological and pathological processes. The accurate quantification of H2S and reactive sulfur species (RSS) may hold important implications for the diagnosis and prognosis of various diseases. However, H2S species quantification in biological matrices is still a challenge. Among the sulfide detection methods, monobromobimane (MBB) derivatization coupled with reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) is one of the most reported. However, it is characterized by a complex preparation and time-consuming process, which may alter the actual H2S level. Moreover, quantitative validation has still not been described based on a survey of previously published works. In this study, we developed and validated an improved analytical protocol for the MBB RP-HPLC method. Main parameters like MBB concentration, temperature, reaction time, and sample handling were optimized, and the calibration method was further validated using leave-one-out cross-validation (CV) and tested in a clinical setting. The method shows high sensitivity and allows the quantification of H2S species, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.5 µM and a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.9 µM. Additionally, this model was successfully applied in measurements of H2S levels in the serum of patients subjected to inhalation with vapors rich in H2S. In addition, a properly procedure was established for H2S release with the modified MBB HPLC-FLD method. The proposed analytical approach demonstrated the slow-release kinetics of H2S from the multilayer Silk-Fibroin scaffolds with the combination of different H2S donor’s concentration with respect to the weight of PLGA nanofiber. In the end, some efforts were made on sulfide measurements by using size exclusion chromatography fluorescence/ultraviolet detection and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (SEC-FLD/UV-ICP/MS). It’s intended as a preliminary study in order to define the feasibility of a separation-detection-quantification platform to analyze biological samples and quantify sulfur species.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Zhang, Nan
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Hydrogen sulfide pool; Biomarkers; High performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence; Monobromobimane; Sulfur species; Method validation; Silk Fibroin scaffold; GYY4137; SEC-FLD/UV-ICP/MS;
Data di discussione
20 Marzo 2023

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