Integration of by-products and waste from agri-food supply chains into the «water-energy-food» nexus (RECOW-ER): the role of fungi

Puliga, Federico (2023) Integration of by-products and waste from agri-food supply chains into the «water-energy-food» nexus (RECOW-ER): the role of fungi, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10567.
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The agricultural sector is undoubtedly one of the sectors that has the greatest impact on the use of water and energy to produce food. The circular economy allows to reduce waste, obtaining maximum value from products and materials, through the extraction of all possible by-products from resources. Circular economy principles for agriculture include recycling, processing, and reusing agricultural waste in order to produce bioenergy, nutrients, and biofertilizers. Since agro-industrial wastes are principally composed of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose they can represent a suitable substrate for mushroom growth and cultivation. Mushrooms are also considered healthy foods with several medicinal properties. The thesis is structured in seven chapters. In the first chapter an introduction on the water, energy, food nexus, on agro-industrial wastes and on how they can be used for mushroom cultivation is given. Chapter 2 details the aims of this dissertation thesis. In chapters three and four, corn digestate and hazelnut shells were successfully used for mushroom cultivation and their lignocellulosic degradation capacity were assessed by using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. In chapter five, through the use of the Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectroscopy was possible to set-up a new method for studying mushroom composition and for identifying different mushroom species based on their spectrum. In chapter six, the isolation of different strains of fungi from plastic residues collected in the fields and the ability of these strains to growth and colonizing the Low-density Polyethylene (LDPE) were explored. The structural modifications of the LDPE, by the most efficient fungal strain, Cladosporium cladosporioides Clc/1 strain were monitored by using the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Finally, chapter seven outlines the conclusions and some hints for future works and applications are provided.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Puliga, Federico
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
corn digestate; white-rot fungi; lignin degradation; ATR-FTIR; mushroom cultivation; sustainability; wood fungi; FT‐Raman, SERS spectra, PCA, Ag‐NPs, Mushroom identification; Cladosporium cladosporioides; LDPE; Vibrational spectroscopy
Data di discussione
15 Febbraio 2023

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