Sintesi asimmetrica di ammine benziliche ed eterobenziliche

Gualandi, Andrea (2008) Sintesi asimmetrica di ammine benziliche ed eterobenziliche, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1053.
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C2-Symmetrical, enantiopure 2,6-di[1-(1-aziridinyl)alkyl]pyridines (DIAZAPs) were prepared by a high-yielding, three-step sequence starting from 2,6-pyridinedicarbaldehyde and (S)-valinol or (S)-phenylglycinol. The new compounds were tested as ligands in palladium-catalyzed allylation of carbanions in different solvents. Almost quantitative yield and up to 99% enantiomeric excess were obtained in the reactions of the enolates derived from malonate, phenyl- and benzylmalonate dimethyl esters with 1,3-diphenyl-2-propenyl ethyl carbonate. Asymmetric synthesis of 2-(2-pyridyl)aziridines from chiral 2-pyridineimines bearing a stereogenic center at the nitrogen atom was development. The envisioned route involves the addition of chloromethyllithium to the imine derived from 2-pyridinealdehyde and (S)-valinol, protected as O-trimethylsilyl ether. The analogous reaction performed on the imine derived from (S)-valine methyl ester gave the product containing the aziridine ring as well as the α-chloro ketone group coming from the attack of chloromethyllithium to the ester function. Other stereogenic alkyl substituents at nitrogen gave less satisfactory results. Moreover, the aziridination protocol did not work on other aromatic imines, e.g. 3-pyridineimine and benzaldimine, which are not capable of bidentate chelation. The N-substituent could not be removed, but aziridine underwent ring-opening by attack of nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen nucleophiles. Complete or prevalent regioselectivity was obtained using cerium trichloride heptahydrate as a catalyst. In some cases, the N-substituent could be removed by an oxidative protocol. The addition of organometallic (lithium, magnesium, zinc) reagents to 2-pyrroleimines derived from (S)-valinol and (S)-phenylglycinol gave the N-substituted-1-(2-pyrrolyl)alkylamines with high yields and diastereoselectivities. The (S,S)-diastereomers were useful intermediates for the preparation of enantiopure 1-[1-(2-pyrrolyl)alkyl]aziridines by routine cyclization of the β-aminoalcohol moiety and of (S)-N-benzoyl 1-[1-(2-pyrrolyl)alkyl]amines and their N-substituted derivatives by oxidative cleavage of the chiral auxiliary. 1-Allyl-2-pyrroleimines obtained from (S)-phenylglycinol and (S)-valinol underwent highly diastereoselective addition of allylmetal reagents, used in excess amounts, to give the corresponding secondary amines with concomitant allyl to 1-propenyl isomerisation of the 1-pyrrole substituent. Protection of the 2-aminoalcohol moiety as oxazolidinone, amide or Boc derivate followed by ring closing metathesis of the alkene groups gave the unsaturated bicyclic compound, whose hydrogenation afforded the indolizidine derivative as a mixture of separable diastereomers. The absolute configuration of the main diastereomer was assessed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Gualandi, Andrea
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
ammine catalisi enantioselettiva composti eterociclici composti organometallici sintesi asimmetrica
Data di discussione
16 Aprile 2008

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