Models for reliability estimation of HVDC cable systems

Diban, Bassel (2023) Models for reliability estimation of HVDC cable systems, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria biomedica, elettrica e dei sistemi, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10525.
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The work carried out in this thesis aims at: - studying – in both simulative and experimental methods – the effect of electrical transients (i.e., Voltage Polarity Reversals VPRs, Temporary OverVoltages TOVs, and Superimposed Switching Impulses SSIs) on the aging phenomena in HVDC extruded cable insulations. Dielectric spectroscopy, conductivity measurements, Fourier Transform Infra-Red FTIR spectroscopy, and space charge measurements show variation in the insulating properties of the aged Cross-Linked Polyethylene XLPE specimens compared to non-aged ones. Scission in XLPE bonds and formation of aging chemical bonds is also noticed in aged insulations due to possible oxidation reactions. The aged materials show more ability to accumulate space charges compared to non-aged ones. An increase in both DC electrical conductivity and imaginary permittivity has been also noticed. - The development of life-based geometric design of HVDC cables in a detailed parametric analysis of all parameters that affect the design. Furthermore, the effect of both electrical and thermal transients on the design is also investigated. - The intrinsic thermal instability in HVDC cables and the effect of insulation characteristics on the thermal stability using a temperature and field iterative loop (using numerical methods – Finite Difference Method FDM). The dielectric loss coefficient is also calculated for DC cables and found to be less than that in AC cables. This emphasizes that the intrinsic thermal instability is critical in HVDC cables. - Fitting electrical conductivity models to the experimental measurements using both models found in the literature and modified models to find the best fit by considering the synergistic effect between field and temperature coefficients of electrical conductivity.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Diban, Bassel
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
HVDC, cable, reliability, life estimation, model, aging, degradation, cable design, conductivity, thermal stability.
Data di discussione
23 Giugno 2023

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