Design and characterization of wideband Hall current sensors in BCD technology for smart power and metering applications

Syeda, Sana Fatima (2023) Design and characterization of wideband Hall current sensors in BCD technology for smart power and metering applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria elettronica, telecomunicazioni e tecnologie dell'informazione, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10502.
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Power electronic circuits are moving towards higher switching frequencies, exploiting the capabilities of novel devices to shrink the dimension of passive components. This trend demands sensors capable enough to operate at such high frequencies. This thesis aims to demonstrate through experimental characterization, the broadband capability of a fully integrated CMOS X-Hall current sensor in current mode interfaced with a transimpedance amplifier (TIA), chip CH09, realized in CMOS technology for power electronics applications such as power converters. The system exploits a common-mode control system to operate the dual supply system, 5-V for the X-Hall probe and 1.2-V for the readout. The developed prototype achieves a maximum acquisition bandwidth of 12 MHz, a power consumption of 11.46 mW, resolution of 39 mArms, a sensitivity of 8 % /T, and a FoM of 569-MHz/A2mW, significantly higher than current state-of-the-art. Further enhancements were proposed to CH09 as a new chip CH100, aiming for accuracy levels prerequisite for a real-time power electronic application. The TIA was optimized for a wider bandwidth of 26.7 MHz with nearly 30% reduction of the integrated input referred noise of 26.69 nArms at the probe-AFE interface in the frequency band of DC-30 MHz, and a 10% improvement in the dynamic range. The expected input range is 5-A. The chip incorporates a dual sensing chain for differential sensing to overcome common mode interferences. A novel offset cancellation technique is proposed that would require switching of polarity of bias currents. Thermal gain drift was improved by a factor of 8 and will be digitally calibrated utilizing a new built-in temperature sensor with a post calibration measurement accuracy greater than 1%. The estimated power consumption of the entire system is 55.6 mW. Both prototypes have been implemented through a 90-nm microelectronic process from STMicroelectronics and occupy a silicon area of 2.4 mm2.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Syeda, Sana Fatima
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Current sensing, Magnetic sensors, Hall sensors, broad- band sensing, X-Hall, current mode, residual-offset cancellation, Integrated sensors, Microelectronic circuits, BCD technology, Pre- cise current sensors, Power electronic applications
Data di discussione
21 Giugno 2023

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