Messa a punto di procedure per la semi-sintesi di composti ad attività antitumorale partendo da prodotti naturali. Studi di struttura-attività

Samorì, Cristian (2008) Messa a punto di procedure per la semi-sintesi di composti ad attività antitumorale partendo da prodotti naturali. Studi di struttura-attività, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1050.
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Camptothecin, (CPT) is a pentacyclic alkaloid isolated for the first time from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata, and which has soon attracted the attention of medicinal chemists and pharmacologists due to its promising anti-cancer activity against the most aggressive histo-types. So far, most of the synthesized camptothecin analogues are A and B ring modified compounds, which have been prepared via synthetic or semi-synthetic routes. To the best of our knowledge, a very limited number of C, D, or E ring modified analogues of CPT have been reported; moreover, the few derivatives known from the literature showed a reduced or no biological activity. This dissertation presents synthetic studies on camptothecin new derivatives along with the development of a new and general semi-synthetic methodology to obtain a large variety of analogues. We report here the semi-synthesis of a new family of 5-substituted CPT's, along with their biological activity evaluation, which will be compared with reference compounds. The use of carrier-linked prodrugs has emerged as a useful strategy to overcome some of the drawbacks related with the use of the parent drug, such as low solubility, membrane permeability properties, low oral absorption, instability, toxicity, and nontargeting. Herein we report CPT-prodrugs synthesized via ring opening of the lactone moiety as 17-O-acyl camptothecin tripartate conjugates, which bear a polyamine side chain with different architectures, as the carriers. Moreover, we found that the replacement of the oxygen atom with sulphur on the piridone D-ring, dramatically improves the potency of the novel 16a-thio-camptothecin derivatives, opening new possibilities in the modelling of this class of compounds.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Samorì, Cristian
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
camptotecina antitumorale tiocamptotecina
Data di discussione
16 Aprile 2008

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