Light & Electron beam - the perfect combination for the observation and application of photo active materials

Gradone, Alessandro (2022) Light & Electron beam - the perfect combination for the observation and application of photo active materials, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 34 Ciclo.
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The aim of the present PhD thesis is to investigate the properties of innovative nanomaterials for energy conversion. The materials have been deeply studied by means of a wide spectrum of different techniques based on both light and electron sources, in order to get an insight into the correlation between the properties of each material and the activity towards different energy conversion applications. The activity has been carried out in the framework of a collaboration between the “G.Ciamician” Chemistry Department of the University of Bologna and the CNR-IMM Bologna. Four main topics have been explored: in the first part, luminescent silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) have been discussed, suggesting a new approach to improve their optical properties as active material in complementary optoelectronic devices and photovoltaic cells. The luminescence of SiNCs have been exploited to increase the efficiency of conventional photovoltaic cells by means of an innovative architecture. Specifically, SiNCs were shown to be very promising light emitters in luminescent solar concentrators (LSC). The second part of the work has been focused on the study of high phosphorescent molecular chromophores, suggesting a new approach in their use as optical sensors successfully applied to the field of polymeric materials. This is due to the enhanced emission of light that appears in rigid, constrained or crystalline state, that is commonly called: "Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE)". Such phenomenon is characteristic for molecular structures such as persulfurated benzene chromophores, hereafter named asterisks. The last two parts were focused on conventional and in-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) morphological and structural characterization of photoactive and catalytic materials for energetic applications and in particular water splitting.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Gradone, Alessandro
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Photochemistry, Asterisk, Luminescent Solar Concentrator, Transmission Electron Microscopy, In-situ, Solid state, Energy conversion, water splitting
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2022

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