Percutaneous Cement Discoplasty: Biomechanical and clinical assessment of a minimally invasive treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc disease

Techens, Chloe' (2022) Percutaneous Cement Discoplasty: Biomechanical and clinical assessment of a minimally invasive treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc disease, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie della salute, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10145.
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With population ageing, spine diseases have an increasing prevalence and induce high economic and social costs. The development of minimally invasive surgeries allows reducing the surgery-associated risks in elderly and polymorbid patients, and save costs by treating more patients in shorter time and reducing the complications. Percutaneous Cement Discoplasty (PCD) is a minimally invasive technique developed to treat highly degenerated intervertebral discs exhibiting a vacuum phenomenon. Filling the disc with bone cement creates a stand-alone spacer which partially restores the disc height and re-opens the foraminal space. PCD has recently been introduced to clinical use. However, the spine biomechanics following this treatment remained unravelled. The aim of this PhD thesis is to bridge the clinical experience with in vitro methodologies, to provide a multilateral evaluation of PCD outcome and a better understanding of its impact on the spine biomechanics, and of its possible contraindications. Firstly, a suitable in vitro porcine model to test the biomechanics of discoplasty by comparing specimens in the preoperative and postoperative conditions was developed. The methodology was then applied to investigate the biomechanics of discoplasty in cadaveric human segments. The in vitro specimens were mechanically investigated in flexion and extension, while a DIC system quantified the range of motion, disc height, and strains on the disc surface. Then, a versatile tool to measure the impact of discoplasty on the foramen space was developed and applied both to clinical and experimental work. The vertebrae reconstructed from CT scans were registered to match the loading configuration, using ex vivo DIC measurements under loading. The foramen volumetric changes caused by PCD was measured using a 3D geometrical method clinically developed by the research group. In conclusion, this project significantly extended the understanding of PCD biomechanics, highlighting its benefits in the treatment of advanced cases of intervertebral disc degeneration.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Techens, Chloe'
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
percutaneous cement discoplasty, spine, biomechanics, intervertebral disc, digital image correlation
Data di discussione
29 Marzo 2022

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