Circadian rhythms, sleep and autonomic function in progressive supranuclear palsy: characteristic features and reciprocal interactions

Baschieri, Francesca (2021) Circadian rhythms, sleep and autonomic function in progressive supranuclear palsy: characteristic features and reciprocal interactions, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 34 Ciclo.
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Background: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare neurodegenerative condition. The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between sleep, the circadian system and autonomic function in a cohort of PSP patients. Methods: Patients with PSP diagnosed according to consensus criteria were recruited prospectively and retrospectively and performed the following tests: body core temperature (BcT), sleep-wake cycle, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) continuous monitoring for 48 h under controlled environmental conditions; cardiovascular reflex tests (CRTs). The analysis of circadian rhythmicity was performed with the single cosinor method. For state-dependent analysis, the mean value of variables in each sleep stage was calculated as well as the difference to the value in wake. Results: PSP patients presented a reduced total duration of night sleep, with frequent and prolonged awakenings. During daytime, patients had very short naps, suggesting a state of profound sleep deprivation across the 24-h. REM sleep behaviour disorder was found in 15%, restless legs syndrome in 46%, periodic limb movements in 52% and obstructive sleep apnea in 54%. BcT presented the expected fall during night-time, however, compared to controls, mean values during day and night were higher. However BcT state-dependent modulation was maintained. Increased BcT could be attributed to an inability to properly reduce sympathetic activity favoured by the sleep deprivation. At CRTs, PSP presented mild cardiovascular adrenergic impairment and preserved cardiovagal function. 14% had non-neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. Only 2 PSP presented the expected BP dipping pattern, possibly as a consequence of sleep disruption. State-dependent analysis showed a partial loss of the state-dependent modulation for SBP. Discussion: This study showed that PSP presented abnormalities of sleep, circadian rhythms and cardiovascular autonomic function that are likely to be closely linked one to another.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Baschieri, Francesca
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Progressive supranuclear palsy, atypical parkinsonism, sleep disorders, sleep structure, circadian rhythms, autonomic nervous system disorders
Data di discussione
25 Novembre 2021

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