Applied biomaterials from sustainable sources

Di Filippo, Maria Francesca (2022) Applied biomaterials from sustainable sources, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 34 Ciclo.
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Abstract

If we look back in time at the history of humanity, we can state that our generation is living an era of outstanding efficiency and progress because of globalization and global competition, even if this is resulting in the rapid depletion of energy sources and raw materials. The environmental impact of non-biodegradable plastic wastes is of increasing global concern: nowadays, imagining a world without synthetic plastics seems impossible, though their large-scale production and their extensive use have only spread since the end of the World War II. In recent years, the demand for sustainable materials has increased significantly and, with a view to circular economy, research has also focused on the enhancement and subsequent reuse of waste materials produced by industrial processing, intensive farming and the agricultural sector. Plastic polymers have been the most practical and economical solution for decades due to their low cost, prompt availability and excellent optical, mechanical and barrier properties. Biodegradable polymers could replace them in many applications, thus reducing the problems of traditional plastics disposability and the dependence on petroleum. Natural biopolymers are in fact characterized by a high biocompatibility and biodegradability and have already prompted research in the field of regenerative medicine. During my PhD, my goal was to use natural polymers from sustainable sources as raw materials to produce biomaterials, which are materials designed to interface with biological systems to evaluate, support or replace any tissue, organ, or function of the body. I focused on the use of the most abundant biopolymers in nature to produce biomaterials in the form of films, scaffolds and cements. After a complete characterization, the materials were proposed for suitable applications in different fields, from tissue engineering to cosmetics and food packaging. Some of the obtained results were published on international scientific and peer-reviewed journals.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Di Filippo, Maria Francesca
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
34
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Biomaterials, Biopolymers, Natural polymers, Circular Economy, Gelatin, Cellulose, Keratin, Sodium Hyaluronate, Chitosan, Snail slime, Films, Scaffolds, Calcium phosphate, bone cements, Tissue engineering, Drug delivery, active packaging, antibacterial activity, biocompatibility, biomimetics
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
16 Marzo 2022
URI

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