New Metal Tetrazolate Complexes: Design, Synthesis, Characterization and Applications

Monti, Nicola (2021) New Metal Tetrazolate Complexes: Design, Synthesis, Characterization and Applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9851.
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This final thesis is aimed at summarizing the research program I have carried out during my PhD studies, that has been dealing with the design, the preparation, characterization and applications of new Re(I), Ru(II), and Ir(III) metal complexes containing anionic ligands such as 5-aryl tetrazolates [R-CN4]- or their neutral analogues, N-alkyltetrazoles [R-CN4-R1]. Chapter 1 consists of a brief introduction on tetrazoles and metal-tetrazolato complexes, and on the photophysical properties of d6 transition metal complexes. In chapter 2, the synthesis, characterization and study of the photophysical properties of new luminescent Ir(III)-tetrazolate complexes are discussed. Moreover, the application of one of the new Ir(III)-CN complexes as emissive core in the fabrication of an OLED device is reported. In chapter 3, the study of the antimicrobial activity of new Ru(II)-alkyltetrazole complexes is reported. When the pentatomic ring was substituted with a long alkyl residue, antimicrobial activity toward Deinococcus radiodurans was observed. In chapter 4, a new family of luminescent Re(I)-tetrazolate complexes is reported. In this study, different N-alkyl tetrazoles play the role of diimine (diim) ligands in the preparation of new Re(I) tricarbonyl complexes. In addition, absorption and emission titration experiments were performed to study their interaction with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA). In chapter 5, the synthesis and characterization of new luminescent Re(I)-tetrazolate complexes are discussed. The use of sulfonated diimine ligands in the preparation of new Re(I) tricarbonyl complexes led to the first example Re(I) complexes for the luminescent staining of proteins. In chapter 6, the synthesis, a new family of Ir(III)-NO2 tetrazole complexes displaying unexpected photophysical properties are discussed. Moreover, the possibility to tune the luminescent output of such systems upon chemical modification of the pending nitro group was verified by performing reduction tests with sodium dithionite; this represents encouraging evidence for their possible application as hypoxia-responsive luminescent probes in bioimaging.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Monti, Nicola
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
organometallic chemistry, metal complexes, luminescence, phosphorescence, Iridium, Ruthenium, Rhenium, tetrazoles, life sciences, material sciences, OLED, antimicrobial agents, protein staining
Data di discussione
20 Maggio 2021

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