Computing the structural and vibrational properties of polymorphic organic molecular crystals through van der Waals corrected density functional theory and the electronic properties of organic thin films through microelectrostatic calculations.

Giunchi, Andrea (2021) Computing the structural and vibrational properties of polymorphic organic molecular crystals through van der Waals corrected density functional theory and the electronic properties of organic thin films through microelectrostatic calculations., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 33 Ciclo.
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Abstract

The present Thesis reports on the various research projects to which I have contributed during my PhD period, working with several research groups, and whose results have been communicated in a number of scientific publications. The main focus of my research activity was to learn, test, exploit and extend the recently developed vdW-DFT (van der Waals corrected Density Functional Theory) methods for computing the structural, vibrational and electronic properties of ordered molecular crystals from first principles. A secondary, and more recent, research activity has been the analysis with microelectrostatic methods of Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of disordered molecular systems. While only very unreliable methods based on empirical models were practically usable until a few years ago, accurate calculations of the crystal energy are now possible, thanks to very fast modern computers and to the excellent performance of the best vdW-DFT methods. Accurate energies are particularly important for describing organic molecular solids, since they often exhibit several alternative crystal structures (polymorphs), with very different packing arrangements but very small energy differences. Standard DFT methods do not describe the long-range electron correlations which give rise to the vdW interactions. Although weak, these interactions are extremely sensitive to the packing arrangement, and neglecting them used to be a problem. The calculations of reliable crystal structures and vibrational frequencies has been made possible only recently, thanks to development of some good representations of the vdW contribution to the energy (known as “vdW corrections”).

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Giunchi, Andrea
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
33
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
DFT Raman crystal solid-state
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
20 Maggio 2021
URI

Altri metadati

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