Multifarious tumor-oriented small molecules: development of synthetic methodologies and application for diagnostic platforms

Corbisiero, Dario (2021) Multifarious tumor-oriented small molecules: development of synthetic methodologies and application for diagnostic platforms, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 33 Ciclo.
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Abstract

Cancer represents one of the most relevant and widespread diseases in the modern age. In this context, integrin receptors are important for the interactions of cells with extracellular matrix and for the development of both inflammation and carcinogenic phenomena. There are many tricks to improve the bioactivity and receptor selectivity of exogenous ligands; one of these is to integrate the amino acid sequence into a cyclic peptide to restrict its conformational space. Another approach is to develop small peptidomimetic molecules in order to enhance the molecular stability and open the way to versatile synthetic strategies. Starting from isoxazoline-based peptidomimetic molecules we recently reported, in this thesis we are going to present the synthesis of new integrin ligands obtained by modifying or introducing appendages on already reported structures. Initially, we are going to introduce the synthesis of linear and cyclic α-dehydro-β-amino acids as scaffolds for the preparation of bioactive peptidomimetics. Subsequently, we are going to present the construction of small molecule ligands (SMLs) based delivery systems performed starting from a polyfunctionalised isoxazoline scaffold, whose potency towards αVβ3 and α5β1 integrins has already been established by our research group. In the light of these results and due to the necessity to understand the behaviour of a single enantiomer of the isoxazoline-based compounds, the research group decided to synthesise the enantiopure heterocycle using a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddiction approach. Subsequently, we are going to introduce the synthesis of a Reporting Drug Delivery System composed by a carrier, a first spacer, a linker, a self-immolative system, a second spacer and a latent fluorophore. The last part of this work will describe the results obtained during the internship abroad in Prof. Aggarwal’s laboratory at the University of Bristol. The project was focused on the Mycapolyol A synthesis.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Corbisiero, Dario
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
33
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Cancer, Integrin, Isoxazoline, Organocatalysis, α-dehydro-β-amino acids, Reporting Drug Delivery System, Mycapolyol A, Lithiation-borylation
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
27 Maggio 2021
URI

Altri metadati

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