Integrated molecular analysis of endometrial carcinoma: translation of biomarker profiles into the clinical practice

De Leo, Antonio (2021) Integrated molecular analysis of endometrial carcinoma: translation of biomarker profiles into the clinical practice, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze mediche generali e scienze dei servizi, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9642.
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The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) collaborative project identified four distinct prognostic groups of endometrial carcinoma (EC) based on molecular alterations: (i) the ultramutated subtype that encompassed POLE mutated (POLE) cases; (ii) the hypermutated subtype, characterized by MisMatch Repair deficiency (MMRd); (iii) the copy-number high subtype, with p53 abnormal/mutated features (p53abn); (iv) the copy-number low subtype, known as No Specific Molecular Profile (NSMP). Although the prognostic value of TCGA molecular classification, NSMP tumors present a wide variability in molecular alterations and biological aggressiveness. This study aims to investigate the impact of ARID1A and CTNNB1/β-catenin alterations by targeted Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in a consecutive series of 125 molecularly classified ECs. NGS and IHC were used to assign surrogate TCGA groups and to identify molecular alterations of multiple target genes including POLE, PTEN, ARID1A, CTNNB1, TP53. Associations with clinicopathologic parameters, molecular subtypes, and outcomes identified NSMP category as the most heterogeneous group in terms of clinicopathologic features and outcome. Integration of surrogate TCGA molecular classification with ARID1A and β-catenin analysis showed NSMP cases with ARID1A mutation characterized by the worst outcome with early recurrence, while NSMP tumors with ARID1A wild-type and β-catenin alteration had indolent clinicopathologic features and no recurrence. This study indicates how the identification of ARID1A and β-catenin alterations in EC represents a simple and effective way to characterize NSMP tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
De Leo, Antonio
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
endometrial cancer; molecular classification; ARID1A; CTNNB1/β-catenin; prognosis; high-risk endometrial cancer
Data di discussione
17 Marzo 2021

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