Homoleptic and Heteroleptic Metal Carbonyl Clusters and Nanoclusters

Berti, Beatrice (2021) Homoleptic and Heteroleptic Metal Carbonyl Clusters and Nanoclusters, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 33 Ciclo.
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This Thesis aims at presenting the general results achieved during my PhD, that was focused on the study and characterisation of new homoleptic and heteroleptic metal carbonyl clusters. From a dimensional point of view, the nuclearity of such species ranges from 2 to 44 metal atoms. Lower nuclearity compounds may be viewed as polymetallic complexes, whereas higher nuclearity species can reach the nanocluster size, by resembling to ultrasmall nanoparticles (USNPs). Initially, my research was focused on the investigation of small MCCs stabilised by N-Heterocyclic carbene (NHCs) ligands. At this regard, a general strategy for the synthesis of mono-anionic [Fe(CO)4(MNHC)]− and neutral Fe(CO)4(MNHC)2, Co(CO)4(MNHC) (M = Cu, Ag, Au; NHC = IMes, IPr) species has been developed. Furthermore, during this investigation, neutral trimetallic Fe(CO)4(MNHC)(M’NHC) (M, M’ = Cu, Ag, Au; M ≠ M'; NHC = IPr) and neutral heteroleptic Fe(CO)4(MNHC)(MNHC’) (M = Au; NHC = IMes, IPr) compounds have been isolated. Thermal treatment turned out to be an efficient method for the growth of the dimension of MCCs. Indeed, species of the type [M3Fe3(CO)12]3– and [M4Fe4(CO)16]4– (M = Ag, Au) as well as larger clusters were formed during the thermal treatment of the new Fe-M (M = Ag, Cu, Au) carbonyl compounds. These species inspired the investigation of promising reaction paths for the synthesis of Fe-M (M = Ag, Cu, Au) carbonyl compounds devoid of ancillary ligands and alloy MCCs, such as the heterometallic [MxM’5-xFe4(CO)16]3− (M, M' = Cu, Ag, Au; M ≠ M'; x = 0-5) carbonyl clusters. The second part of this Thesis regards high nuclearity MCCs. In particular, new strategies for the growth of platinum carbonyl clusters involving, for instance, the employment of bidentate phosphines are described, as well as the syntheses and the thermal decomposition of new Ni-M (Pd, Pt) carbonyl clusters.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Berti, Beatrice
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Metal Cluster; Carbonyl Ligand; Iron; Platinum; Gold
Data di discussione
12 Aprile 2021

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