Resonant metamaterials for the control of Rayleigh waves

Zeighami, Farhad (2021) Resonant metamaterials for the control of Rayleigh waves, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Monitoraggio e gestione delle strutture e dell'ambiente - sehm2, 33 Ciclo.
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Abstract

Since their emergence, locally resonant metamaterials have found several applications for the control of surface waves, from micrometer-sized electronic devices to meter-sized seismic barriers. The interaction between Rayleigh-type surface waves and resonant metamaterials has been investigated through the realization of locally resonant metasurfaces, thin elastic interfaces constituted by a cluster of resonant inclusions or oscillators embedded near the surface of an elastic waveguide. When such resonant metasurfaces are embedded in an elastic homogeneous half-space, they can filter out the propagation of Rayleigh waves, creating low-frequency bandgaps at selected frequencies. In the civil engineering context, heavy resonating masses are needed to extend the bandgap frequency width of locally resonant devices, a requirement that limits their practical implementations. In this dissertation, the wave attenuation capabilities of locally resonant metasurfaces have been enriched by proposing (i) tunable metasurfaces to open large frequency bandgaps with small effective inertia, and by developing (ii) an analytical framework aimed at studying the propagation of Rayleigh waves propagation in deep resonant waveguides. In more detail, inertial amplified resonators are exploited to design advanced metasurfaces with a prescribed static and a tunable dynamic response. The modular design of the tunable metasurfaces allows to shift and enlarge low-frequency spectral bandgaps without modifying the total inertia of the metasurface. Besides, an original dispersion law is derived to study the dispersive properties of Rayleigh waves propagating in thick resonant layers made of sub-wavelength resonators. Accordingly, a deep resonant wave barrier of mechanical resonators embedded inside the soil is designed to impede the propagation of seismic surface waves. Numerical models are developed to confirm the analytical dispersion predictions of the tunable metasurface and resonant layer. Finally, a medium-size scale resonant wave barrier is designed according to the soil stratigraphy of a real geophysical scenario to attenuate ground-borne vibration.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Zeighami, Farhad
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
33
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Metamaterials, Locally Resonant Metasurfaces, Rayleigh Waves, Dispersion Analysis, Wave Finite Element Method, Groundborne Vibrations
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
21 Maggio 2021
URI

Altri metadati

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