ABC transporters of the A subfamily: potential prognostic markers and candidates for antibody selection from phage-display libraries for therapeutic use in Ewing sarcoma

Giudice, Anna Maria (2020) ABC transporters of the A subfamily: potential prognostic markers and candidates for antibody selection from phage-display libraries for therapeutic use in Ewing sarcoma, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia, ematologia e patologia, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9421.
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The prognostic value of ABC transporters in Ewing sarcoma is still poorly explored and controversial. We described for the first time the impact of various ABCs on Ewing sarcoma prognosis by assessment of their gene expression in two independent cohorts of patients. Unexpected associations with favourable outcomes were observed for two ABCs of the A-subfamily, ABCA6 and ABCA7, whereas no associations with the canonical multidrug ABC transporters were identified. The ABCs of the A-subfamily are involved in cholesterol/phospholipids transportation and efflux from cells. Our clinical data support the drug-efflux independent contribution to cancer progression of the ABCAs, which has been confirmed in PDX-derived cell lines. The impact of these ABCA transporters on tumor progression seems to be mediated by lowering intracellular cholesterol, supporting the role of these proteins in lipid transport. In addition, the gene expression of ABCA6 and ABCA7 is regulated by transcription factors which control lipid metabolism: ABCA6 was induced by the binding of FoxO1/FoxO3a to its promoter and repressed by IGF1R/Akt signaling, whereas the expression of ABCA7 was regulated by p53. The data point to ABCA6 and ABCA7 as potential prognostic markers in Ewing sarcoma and suggest the IGF1/ABCA/lipid axis as an intriguing therapeutic target. Agonist monoclonal antibodies towards ABCA6/7 or inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis, such as statins or aminobiphoshonates, may be investigated as therapeutic options in combination with chemotherapy. Considering that no monoclonal antibodies selectively targeting extracellular domains of ABCA6/7 are available, the second part of the project has been dedicated to the generation of human antibody phage-display libraries as tools for selecting monoclonal antibodies. A novel synthetic human antibody phage-display library has been designed, cloned and characterized. The library takes advantages of the high variability of a designed naïve repertoire to be a useful tool for isolating antibodies towards all potential antigens, including the ABCAs.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Giudice, Anna Maria
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
ABC transporters, lipids, Ewing sarcoma, biomarkers, PDX-cell lines, IGF1, antibody, phage-display, synthetic library, scFv
Data di discussione
26 Marzo 2020

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