Effect of season and cryopreservation on oxidative status of stallion spermatozoa

Mislei, Beatrice (2020) Effect of season and cryopreservation on oxidative status of stallion spermatozoa, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze veterinarie, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9372.
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The aim of this study was to investigate 1) the effect of different ROS and lipid peroxidation on sperm quality, and 2) differences in ROS between non-breeding and breeding seasons. Eighteen ejaculates from six stallions were collected in January and July (N = 36), processed for freezing. After 90’ of cooling, some straws were not frozen (unfrozen), some were frozen (frozen). Rapid sperm (RAP, CASA), membrane-acrosome integrity (MAI), high mitochondrial membrane potential (Mpos), intracellular Ca2+ (Fneg), lipid peroxidation (BODIPY), ROS (DCFH, MitoSOX) and chromatin fragmentation (DFI%) were evaluated by flow cytometry during incubation at +37°C at T0 (after 90 min at +4°C and after thawing), 3, 6, 12 and 24h. In winter, ROS and BODIPY were higher and faster (P < 0.0001) in frozen than unfrozen; DFI% was similar at 0h (P > 0.05) but higher in frozen after 3h of incubation (P < 0.0001). RAP, PMAI, Mpos and Fneg were lower in frozen compared to unfrozen (P < 0.0001). Summer and winter data were compared. Overall, ROS concentrations and BODIPY were higher and faster (P < 0.001) in winter, DFI% was lower in winter (P < 0.001), but similar between the two groups within seasons after thawing. Differences were found at 3h and 12h for DFI%, and for DCFH and MitoSOX at 0h and 12h of incubation in winter and summer respectively. A moderate positive correlations was found between DFI% and MitoSOX, DCFH, BODIPY, whereas a negative correlation, stronger in winter, between RAP, PMAI, Mpos, Fneg and BODIPY, DCFH, MitoSOX. DFI was not different in unfrozen and frozen, despite a significant higher ROS level in winter, and incubation allowed to asses differences in DFI, suggesting that incubation should be included when evaluating stallion frozen semen. Higher level of ROS and BODIPY in winter was less detrimental than freezing-thawing.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mislei, Beatrice
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
cryopreservation, stallion semen, seasonality,reactive oxygen species, incubation
Data di discussione
18 Marzo 2020

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