Applications of metrological techniques for clinical implementation of dosimetry and radiobiology in molecular radiotherapy

Finocchiaro, Domenico (2020) Applications of metrological techniques for clinical implementation of dosimetry and radiobiology in molecular radiotherapy, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9250.
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Molecular radiotherapy (MRT) is a fast developing and promising treatment for metastasised neuroendocrine tumours. Efficacy of MRT is based on the capability to selectively "deliver" radiation to tumour cells, minimizing administered dose to normal tissues. Outcome of MRT depends on the individual patient characteristics. For that reason, personalized treatment planning is important to improve outcomes of therapy. Dosimetry plays a key role in this setting, as it is the main physical quantity related to radiation effects on cells. Dosimetry in MRT consists in a complex series of procedures ranging from imaging quantification to dose calculation. This doctoral thesis focused on several aspects concerning the clinical implementation of absorbed dose calculations in MRT. Accuracy of SPECT/CT quantification was assessed in order to determine the optimal reconstruction parameters. A model of PVE correction was developed in order to improve the activity quantification in small volume, such us lesions in clinical patterns. Advanced dosimetric methods were compared with the aim of defining the most accurate modality, applicable in clinical routine. Also, for the first time on a large number of clinical cases, the overall uncertainty of tumour dose calculation was assessed. As part of the MRTDosimetry project, protocols for calibration of SPECT/CT systems and implementation of dosimetry were drawn up in order to provide standard guidelines to the clinics offering MRT. To estimate the risk of experiencing radio-toxicity side effects and the chance of inducing damage on neoplastic cells is crucial for patient selection and treatment planning. In this thesis, the NTCP and TCP models were derived based on clinical data as help to clinicians to decide the pharmaceutical dosage in relation to the therapy control and the limitation of damage to healthy tissues. Moreover, a model for tumour response prediction based on Machine Learning analysis was developed.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Finocchiaro, Domenico
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
MRT, Radionuclide therapy, PRRT, Dosimetry, Radiobiology, Targated therapy, NTCP, TCP
Data di discussione
16 Marzo 2020

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