Soil enzyme activities and biochemical indexes to assess soil quality in agronomic and forested ecosystems

Mazzon, Martina (2020) Soil enzyme activities and biochemical indexes to assess soil quality in agronomic and forested ecosystems, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 32 Ciclo.
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Abstract

The soil carries out a wide range of functions and it is important study the effects of land use on soil quality in order to provide most sustainable practices. Three fields trial have been considered to assess soil quality and functionality after human alteration, and to determine the power of soil enzymatic activities, biochemical indexes and mathematical model in the evaluation of soil status. The first field was characterized by conventional and organic management in which were tested also tillage effects. The second was characterized by conventional, organic and agro-ecological management. Finally, the third was a beech forest where was tested the effects of N deposition on soil organic carbon sequestration. Results highlight that both enzyme activities and biochemical indexes could be valid parameters for soil quality evaluation. Conventional management and plowing negatively affected soil quality and functionality with intensive tillage that lead to the downturn of microbial biomass and activity. Both organic and agro-ecological management revealed to be good practices for the maintenance of soil functionality with better microbial activity and metabolic efficiency. This positively affected also soil organic carbon content. At the eutrophic forest, enzyme activities and biochemical indexes positively respond to the treatments but one year of experimentation resulted to be not enough to observe variation in soil organic carbon content. Mathematical models and biochemical indicators resulted to be valid tools for assess soil quality, nonetheless it would be better including the microbial component in the mathematical model and consider more than one index if the aim of the work is to evaluate the overall soil quality and functionality. Concluding, the forest site is the richest one in terms of organic carbon, microbial biomass and activity while, the organic and the agro-ecological management seem to be the more sustainable but without taking in consideration the yield.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Mazzon, Martina
Supervisore
Co-supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
32
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
soil enzyme activities, biochemical indexes, agronomic management, forest soil, soil quality, long-term experiment
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
1 Aprile 2020
URI

Altri metadati

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