Role of gender in transthyretin-related amyloidosis: an international perspective based on the Transthyretin Amyloid Outcomes Survey (THAOS)

Gagliardi, Christian (2020) Role of gender in transthyretin-related amyloidosis: an international perspective based on the Transthyretin Amyloid Outcomes Survey (THAOS), [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze cardio nefro toraciche, 32 Ciclo.
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Abstract

Background. Transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) is an underdiagnosed disease caused by destabilization of transthyretin (TTR) due to pathogenic mutations (ATTRm) or aging (ATTRwt). We explored the role of gender in determining clinical picture using the largest available database on ATTR, the ongoing Transthyretin Amyloid Outcomes Survey (THAOS) international registry. Methods. Data through 1st April 2019 were explored. Symptomatic ATTRm (n=3737), asymptomatic ATTRm (n=644) and ATTRwt (n=874) patients were studied. Results. Male prevalence was 61% in the entire registry, 53% in ATTRm and 95% in ATTRwt. In the overall cohort, cardiac phenotype was more frequent in males (30.7% vs 10.5%, p<0.001). Among ATTRm, 72.3% of patients with amyloidotic cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) were males (p<0.001) but echocardiographic features showed no substantial gender differences. Sensory abnormalities (70.1% vs 64.1%, p<0.001), autonomic abnormalities (60% vs 48.5%, p<0.001) and walking disabilities were more frequent among ATTRm males. Carpal tunnel syndrome was more frequent in ATTRm males (18.6% vs 15.5%, p=0.014). In ATTRwt cohort, females had a more pronounced (but anyhow mild) walking disability. Male-to-female ratio varied within genotype, from 0.61 in Val30Met to 11.11 in ATTRwt; furthermore, males’ imbalance was more evident among symptomatic patients rather than in asymptomatic ones. Male gender, age at presentation and specific genotype were independently associated with the presence of ATTR-CM. Conclusions. In ATTR, cardiac involvement is more frequent in men, supporting the hypothesis that some biologic characteristics may “protect” from myocardial amyloid infiltration in women. Further investigations are needed to identify possible underlying protective mechanism and orient the research for innovative, gender-tailored therapeutic approaches.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Gagliardi, Christian
Supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
32
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
cardiac amyloidosis; transthyretin; gender; heart failure
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
20 Marzo 2020
URI

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