Powertrain Architectures and Technologies for New Emission and Fuel Consumption Standards

De Cesare, Matteo (2019) Powertrain Architectures and Technologies for New Emission and Fuel Consumption Standards, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Meccanica e scienze avanzate dell'ingegneria, 31 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8901.
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New powertrain design is highly influenced by CO2 and pollutant limits defined by legislations, the demand of fuel economy in for real conditions, high performances and acceptable cost. To reach the requirements coming from both end-users and legislations, several powertrain architectures and engine technologies are possible (e.g. SI or CI engines), with many new technologies, new fuels, and different degree of electrification. The benefits and costs given by the possible architectures and technology mix must be accurately evaluated by means of objective procedures and tools in order to choose among the best alternatives. This work presents a basic design methodology and a comparison at concept level of the main powertrain architectures and technologies that are currently being developed, considering technical benefits and their cost effectiveness. The analysis is carried out on the basis of studies from the technical literature, integrating missing data with evaluations performed by means of powertrain-vehicle simplified models, considering the most important powertrain architectures. Technology pathways for passenger cars up to 2025 and beyond have been defined. After that, with support of more detailed models and experimentations, the investigation has been focused on the more promising technologies to improve internal combustion engine, such as: water injection, low temperature combustions and heat recovery systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
De Cesare, Matteo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Powertrain Architectures, Powertrain Technologies, Emission and Fuel Consumption Regulations
Data di discussione
28 Marzo 2019

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