Chemometrics applied to direct multivariate analysis

Zappi, Alessandro (2019) Chemometrics applied to direct multivariate analysis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 31 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8898.
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The present Ph.D. Thesis is focused on applications and developments of chemometrics. After a short introduction about chemometrics (Chapter 1), the present work is divided in three Chapters, reflecting the research activities addressed during the three-year PhD work: • Chapter 2 concerns the application of classification tools to food traceability (Chapter 2.1), plant metabolomics (Chapter 2.2), and food-frauds detection (Chapter 2.3) problems. • Chapter 3 concerns the application of design of experiments for a bio-remediation research (Chapter 3.1) and for machine optimization (Chapter 3.2). • Chapter 4 concerns the development of the net analyte signal (NAS) procedure and its application to several analytical problems. The main aim of this research is to face the matrix-effect problem using a multivariate approach. Chemometrics is the science that extracts useful information from chemical data. The development of instruments and computers is bringing to analytical methodologies ever more sophisticated, and the consequence is that huge amounts of data are collected. In parallel with this rapid evolution, it is, therefore, important to develop chemometric methods able to handle and process the data. Moreover, the attention is also focusing on analytical techniques that do not destroy the analyzed samples. Chemometrics and its application to non-destructive analytical methods are the main topics of this research project. Several analytical techniques have been used during this project: gas-chromatography (GC), bioluminescence, atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), liquid chromatography (HPLC), near-infrared spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), attenuated total reflectance (ATR) spectroscopy. Moreover, this research activity was carried out in collaboration with several external research groups and companies

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Zappi, Alessandro
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Chemometrics, Direct Analysis, NAS, Analytical Chemistry
Data di discussione
28 Marzo 2019

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