Interference Mitigation and Localization Based on Time-Frequency Analysis for Navigation Satellite Systems

Pojani, Giacomo (2018) Interference Mitigation and Localization Based on Time-Frequency Analysis for Navigation Satellite Systems, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria elettronica, telecomunicazioni e tecnologie dell'informazione, 30 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8595.
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Nowadays, the operation of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) is imperative across a multitude of applications worldwide. The increasing reliance on accurate positioning and timing information has made more serious than ever the consequences of possible service outages in the satellite navigation systems. Among others, interference is regarded as the primary threat to their operation. Due the recent proliferation of portable interferers, notably jammers, it has now become common for GNSS receivers to endure simultaneous attacks from multiple sources of interference, which are likely spatially distributed and transmit different modulations. To the best knowledge of the author, the present dissertation is the first publication to investigate the use of the S-transform (ST) to devise countermeasures to interference. The original contributions in this context are mainly: • the formulation of a complexity-scalable ST implementable in real time as a bank of filters; • a method for characterizing and localizing multiple in-car jammers through interference snapshots that are collected by separate receivers and analysed with a clever use of the ST; • a preliminary assessment of novel methods for mitigating generic interference at the receiver end by means the ST and more computationally efficient variants of the transform. Besides GNSSs, the countermeasures to interference proposed are equivalently applicable to protect any direct-sequence spread spectrum (DS-SS) communication.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Pojani, Giacomo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
GNSS Interference Jammer Mitigation Localization Time-Frequency Spread-Spectrum S-Transform
Data di discussione
9 Maggio 2018

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