Evaluation of alkali flooding combined with intermittent flow in carbonate reservoir

Srisuriyachai, Falan (2008) Evaluation of alkali flooding combined with intermittent flow in carbonate reservoir, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Georisorse e geotecnologie, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/857.
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The majority of carbonate reservoir is oil-wet, which is an unfavorable condition for oil production. Generally, the total oil recovery after both primary and secondary recovery in an oil-wet reservoir is low. The amount of producible oil by enhanced oil recovery techniques is still large. Alkali substances are proven to be able to reverse rock wettability from oil-wet to water-wet, which is a favorable condition for oil production. However, the wettability reversal mechanism would require a noneconomical aging period to reach the maximum reversal condition. An intermittent flow with the optimum pausing period is then combined with alkali flooding (combination technique) to increase the wettability reversal mechanism and as a consequence, oil recovery is improved. The aims of this study are to evaluate the efficiency of the combination technique and to study the parameters that affect this method. In order to implement alkali flooding, reservoir rock and fluid properties were gathered, e.g. interfacial tension of fluids, rock wettability, etc. The flooding efficiency curves are obtained from core flooding and used as a major criterion for evaluation the performance of technique. The combination technique improves oil recovery when the alkali concentration is lower than 1% wt. (where the wettability reversal mechanism is dominant). The soap plug (that appears when high alkali concentration is used) is absent in this combination as seen from no drop of production rate. Moreover, the use of low alkali concentration limits alkali loss. This combination probably improves oil recovery also in the fractured carbonate reservoirs in which oil is uneconomically produced. The results from the current study indicate that the combination technique is an option that can improve the production of carbonate reservoirs. And a less quantity of alkali is consumed in the process.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Srisuriyachai, Falan
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Parole chiave
enhanced oil recovery alkali flooding wettability reversal
Data di discussione
16 Aprile 2008

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