Development of innovative plant design solutions, sustainable and efficient for humanitarian organizations

Piana, Francesco (2018) Development of innovative plant design solutions, sustainable and efficient for humanitarian organizations, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Meccanica e scienze avanzate dell'ingegneria, 30 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8546.
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In the last decades, the problem of refugees and the humanitarian organizations took a great significance because of the continuous increasing number of humanitarian crises. To this day, this problem is still more current than ever, due to the last crises in Syria and in the middle eastern, with the consequently movement of thousand people, call refugees, escaping wars and battle fields and looking for somewhere better. Crises born or by natural catastrophes, also call disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, tsunami, blazes, tornado, blizzard, and other geologic processes, or are caused by man such as wars, economic crises, and social disparities. After these events are arrange by the humanitarian agencies camps to gather and give relief to refugees, where people can find shelters, food and a safe place to live temporarily. The humanitarian logistics becomes more and more important, not only as worldwide relief organizations, but also for the scientific community, takes suddenly interest, on this new research field. The humanitarian camps and the whole relief supply chains in fact suffered from inefficiency and other operational and management problems. Thanks to researchers works, humanitarian agencies start a gradual improving using methods, knowledge and equipment proper of industrial context and other innovative sectors never used before. The introduction of these improvements achieves the desire goals, makes the humanitarian supply chain more efficient and then more incisive during humanitarian missions. This triennial research thesis is focus on the improvements and innovations of mechanical plants usually use, or to be introduce in humanitarian camps. The projects present are real solutions for daily issues presents both in humanitarian logistics and developing regions in general. In this thesis will present three macro themes of research: the waste management, the lack of drinkable water and the production of energy (electricity) by renewable resources.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Piana, Francesco
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Humanitarian logistics, developing regions improvements, humanitarian camps
Data di discussione
4 Maggio 2018

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