Seismic Behavior of Cross laminated Timber (CLT) Structural Systems: from Traditional Steel Connections to Low-Damage Solutions

Massari, Milena (2017) Seismic Behavior of Cross laminated Timber (CLT) Structural Systems: from Traditional Steel Connections to Low-Damage Solutions, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria civile, chimica, ambientale e dei materiali, 29 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8167.
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Timber buildings have always showed great performances, even if past timber structural systems are no longer adequate to fulfil modern building standards. The key aspect of CLT buildings, as for timber constructions in general, are the connection systems. Nowadays, design of CLT wall connections is based on the hypothesis that hold-down connection is subjected only to tension, while angle bracket only to shear. Nevertheless, experimental highlighted that the two types of connection may be subjected to significant displacements in both directions, thus to coupled actions. The first part of this study presents results from an extensive experimental campaign conducted on traditional connections for CLT buildings using a specific setup that allowed to impose prescribed levels of displacements in secondary direction, varying at the same time the main direction displacement in a cyclic and monotonic manner. A total of fifteen specimens, for each connection type, are presented and critically discussed in terms of load-displacement curves, strength, stiffness, energy dissipation, strength degradation and ductility. The second part of the thesis focuses on an experimental and numerical investigation of a two storey 2/3 scaled CLT hybrid rocking wall. The applicability and the response of this relatively new low-damage solution has been studied for the first time applied on a CLT shear wall. The CLT wall included post-tensioned bars to provide self-centring capabilities and replaceable external steel dissipaters to accommodate energy dissipations. Furthermore, an experimental solution for the dissipater-wood panel link has been implemented. Results are presented in terms of achieved lateral force, overturning moment capacity, variation in the post-tension force, oscillation of the neutral axis depth and energy dissipation. Lastly, a numerical simulation accompanied experimental evidences, to examine the response of the rocking system for higher level of drifts, going beyond test limits.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Massari, Milena
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
CLT structures, hold-down, angle bracket, coupled action test, CLT connections seismic behaviour, CLT low-damage solutions, CLT rocking wall, energy dissipater devices, post-tensioning, timber hybrid solution, rocking wall numerical modelling
Data di discussione
18 Maggio 2017

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