Optical Techniques for Experimental Tests in Microfluidics

Puccetti, Giacomo (2016) Optical Techniques for Experimental Tests in Microfluidics, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria energetica, nucleare e del controllo ambientale, 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7534.
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This PhD dissertation deals with the use of optical, non-invasive measurement techniques for the investigation of single and two-phase flows in microchannels. Different experimental techniques are presented and the achieved results are critically discussed. Firstly, the inverse use of the micro Particle Image Velocimetry technique for the detection of the real shape of the inner cross-section of an optical accessible microchannel is shown by putting in evidence the capability of this technique to individuate the presence of singularities along the wetted perimeter of the microchannel. Then, the experimental measurement of the local fluid temperature using non-encapsulated Thermochromic Liquid Crystal particles is discussed. A deep analysis of the stability of the color of these particles when exposed to different levels of shear stress has been conducted by demonstrating that these particles can be used for simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature in water laminar flows characterized by low Reynolds numbers (Re < 10). A preliminary experiment where the TLC thermography is coupled to the APTV method for the simultaneous measurement of the three-dimensional velocity and temperature distribution in a microchannel is shown. Finally, an experimental analysis of the different flow patterns observed for an adiabatic air-water mixture generated by means of a micro T-junction is discussed. The main air-water mixture features have been deeply observed in 195 different experimental conditions in which values of superficial velocity ranging between 0.01 m/s and 0.15 m/s for both the inlet flows (air and water) are imposed. The flow patterns of the air-water mixture are strongly influenced by the value of the water superficial velocity; on the contrary, the air superficial velocity plays a secondary role for the determination of the characteristics of the bubbles (i.e. length).

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Puccetti, Giacomo
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Ingegneria industriale
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Microfluidics, experimental techniques, microPIV, Thermochromic Liquid Crystals, air-water mixture, micro T-junction
Data di discussione
1 Giugno 2016

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