Modified Electrodes for Energy and Sensing Applications

Vlamidis, Ylea (2016) Modified Electrodes for Energy and Sensing Applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7492.
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This thesis describes the research focused on the study of different electrode supports modified with layered double hydroxides (LDHs) on Co or Ni as M(II) and Al or Fe as M(III) or conducting polymers for energy applications. The LDHs were characterized by electrochemical techniques, FE-SEM, XRD, XPS and XAS. Glassy carbon and Pt electrodes modified with electrosynthesized LDHs were employed in order to investigate their performances as oxygen evolution reaction catalysts and as pseudocapacitor materials. Moreover, the electrochemical synthesis of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) on indium tin oxide (ITO) was carried out in order to exploit an alternative route to fabricate bulk heterojunction solar cells with similar performances but less expensive than those obtained by casting. The photoactive layer was composed by [6,6]-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as electron acceptor, while as donor polymer it was employed either the commonly employed rr-poly(3-hexylthiophene) or a polythiophene copolymer, functionalized with a porphyrin derivative in order to improve the absorption in the UV/Vis region. In the second part of the thesis, the LDHs modified electrodes were employed for sensing, taking into account the electrocatalytic oxidation of sugars. Ni/Al or Ni/Fe LDHs were studied with the aim to investigate again the effect of Fe on the electrocatalysis. LDHs prepared both by chemical and electrochemical syntheses were employed with the aim of studying the effect of the order degree on the LDHs performance since this parameter is crucial to improve the “sensing” properties. Furthermore, a sensor for the amperometric detection of sugars in flow systems, based on Co/Al LDH electrosynthesized on Pt electrodes, was developed. A mixture of sugars was submitted to high performance anion chromatography with amperometric detection, using the modified electrode as the working electrode. Moreover, to assess the applicability of the device glucose, fructose, and sucrose content in real samples were successfully determined.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Vlamidis, Ylea
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
modified electrodes, layered double hydroxides, Ni- and Co-based LDHs, electrosynthesis, Fe electroactivity, glassy carbon, platinum electrodes, pseudocapacitors, bulk heterojunction solar cells, PEDOT electrochemical synthesis, PEDOT:ClO4, glucose electrocatalytic oxidation, sugars determination
Data di discussione
27 Aprile 2016

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