Computational insight into materials properties

Dallavalle, Marco (2015) Computational insight into materials properties, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 27 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6987.
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The aim of the work was to explore the practical applicability of molecular dynamics at different length and time scales. From nanoparticles system over colloids and polymers to biological systems like membranes and finally living cells, a broad range of materials was considered from a theoretical standpoint. In this dissertation five chemistry-related problem are addressed by means of theoretical and computational methods. The main results can be outlined as follows. (1) A systematic study of the effect of the concentration, chain length, and charge of surfactants on fullerene aggregation is presented. The long-discussed problem of the location of C60 in micelles was addressed and fullerenes were found in the hydrophobic region of the micelles. (2) The interactions between graphene sheet of increasing size and phospholipid membrane are quantitatively investigated. (3) A model was proposed to study structure, stability, and dynamics of MoS2, a material well-known for its tribological properties. The telescopic movement of nested nanotubes and the sliding of MoS2 layers is simulated. (4) A mathematical model to gain understaning of the coupled diffusion-swelling process in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), PLGA, was proposed. (5) A soft matter cell model is developed to explore the interaction of living cell with artificial surfaces. The effect of the surface properties on the adhesion dynamics of cells are discussed.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Dallavalle, Marco
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
molecular dynamics, dissipative particle dynamics, fullerene, graphene, molybdenum disulfide, cell, PLGA
Data di discussione
8 Aprile 2015

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