Studio dei meccanismi molecolari coinvolti nel determinismo sintomatologico di piante infette da virus e virus-satelliti

Contaldo, Nicoletta (2008) Studio dei meccanismi molecolari coinvolti nel determinismo sintomatologico di piante infette da virus e virus-satelliti, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biotecnologie cellulari e molecolari, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/694.
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The aim of our work was to study the molecular mechanisms involved in symptoms appearance of plants inoculated either with a virus or with a virus-satellite complex. In the first case, we tried to set up a reliable method for an early identification of PVYNTN strains present in Italy and causing potato tuber necrosis. This, to prevent their spread in the field and to avoid severe yield losses, especially in seed potato production. We tried to localize the particular genomic region responsible for tuber necrosis. To this purpose, we carried out RT-PCR experiments using various primer combinations, covering PVY genomic regions larger than those previously used by other authors. As the previous researchers, though, we were not able to differentiate all NTN from others PVY strains. This probably because of the frequent virus variability, due to both genomic mutations and possible recombination events among different strains. In the second case, we studied the influence of Y-sat (CaRNA5 satellite) on symptoms of CMV (Cucumber mosaic virus) in Nicotiana benthamiana plants: strong yellowing appearance instead of simple mosaic. Wang et al (2004), inoculating the same infectious complex on tobacco plants transformed with a viral suppressor of plant silencing (HC-PRO), did not experience the occurrence of yellowing anymore and, therefore, hypotesized that changes in symptoms were due to plant post transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) mechanism. In our case, inoculation of N. benthamiana plants transformed with another PTGS viral suppressor (p19), and other plants defective for RNA polymerase 6 (involved in systemic silencing), still resulted in yellowing appearance. This, to our opinion, suggests that in our system another possible mechanism is involved.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Contaldo, Nicoletta
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
pvyntn patata rt-pcr cmv-satellite carna5 sintomatologia
Data di discussione
6 Giugno 2008

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