Photophysics of Carbon Nanotubes: from Dispersion to Supramolecular Systems

Pavoni, Eleonora (2015) Photophysics of Carbon Nanotubes: from Dispersion to Supramolecular Systems, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 27 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6925.
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The aim of this PhD thesis is the investigation of the photophysical properties of materials that can be exploited in solar energy conversion. In this context, my research was mainly focused on carbon nanotube-based materials and ruthenium complexes. The first part of the thesis is devoted to carbon nanotubes (CNT), which have unique physical and chemical properties, whose rational control is of substantial interest to widen their application perspectives in many fields. Our goals were (i) to develop novel procedures for supramolecular dispersion, using amphiphilic block copolymers, (ii) to investigate the photophysics of CNT-based multicomponent hybrids and understand the nature of photoinduced interactions between CNT and selected molecular systems such as porphyrins, fullerenes and oligo (p-phynylenevinylenes). We established a new protocol for the dispersion of SWCNTs in aqueous media via non-covalent interactions and demonstrated that some CNT-based hybrids are suitable for testing in PV devices. The second part of the work is focussed on the study of homoleptic and heteroleptic Ru(II) complexes with bipyridine and extended phenanthroline ligands. Our studies demonstrated that these compounds are potentially useful as light harvesting systems for solar energy conversion. Both CNT materials and Ru(II) complexes have turned out to be remarkable examples of photoactive systems. The morphological and photophysical characterization of CNT-based multicomponent systems allowed a satisfactory rationalization of the photoinduced interactions between the individual units, despite several hurdles related to the intrinsic properties of CNTs that prevent, for instance, the utilization of laser spectroscopic techniques. Overall, this work may prompt the design and development of new functional materials for photovoltaic devices.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Pavoni, Eleonora
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
CNT, Photophysics, SWCNT, DWCNT, Fullerene, spectroscopy, Ruthenium complexes
Data di discussione
30 Aprile 2015

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