A chemical-loop approach for the generation of hydrogen by means of ethanol reforming

Trevisanut, Cristian (2014) A chemical-loop approach for the generation of hydrogen by means of ethanol reforming, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6522.
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The work investigates the feasibility of a new process aimed at the production of hydrogen with inherent separation of carbon oxides. The process consists in a cycle in which, in the first step, a mixed metal oxide is reduced by ethanol (obtained from biomasses). The reduced metal is then contacted with steam in order to split the water and sequestrating the oxygen into the looping material’s structure. The oxides used to run this thermochemical cycle, also called “steam-iron process” are mixed ferrites in the spinel structure MeFe2O4 (Me = Fe, Co, Ni or Cu). To understand the reactions involved in the anaerobic reforming of ethanol, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRIFTS) was used, coupled with the mass analysis of the effluent, to study the surface composition of the ferrites during the adsorption of ethanol and its transformations during the temperature program. This study was paired with the tests on a laboratory scale plant and the characterization through various techniques such as XRD, Mössbauer spectroscopy, elemental analysis... on the materials as synthesized and at different reduction degrees In the first step it was found that besides the generation of the expected CO, CO2 and H2O, the products of ethanol anaerobic oxidation, also a large amount of H2 and coke were produced. The latter is highly undesired, since it affects the second step, during which water is fed over the pre-reduced spinel at high temperature. The behavior of the different spinels was affected by the nature of the divalent metal cation; magnetite was the oxide showing the slower rate of reduction by ethanol, but on the other hand it was that one which could perform the entire cycle of the process more efficiently. Still the problem of coke formation remains the greater challenge to solve.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Trevisanut, Cristian
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Hydrogen, Fuel cells, Chemical-loop, Ethanol, Steam-iron process, Ferrite mixed oxydes, Mossbauer, XRD, DRIFTS
Data di discussione
3 Aprile 2014

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