Molecular characterization of human CD4+ IL-10-producing regulatory cells

De Simone, Marco (2014) Molecular characterization of human CD4+ IL-10-producing regulatory cells , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biochimiche e biotecnologiche, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6520.
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Previous studies in the group led to the identification of CD4+FOXP3- cells with regulatory functions in human blood that coproduce IL-10 and IFN-gamma. These cells do not belong to the Treg cell lineage since they are Foxp3- but they show some similarities with Th1 cells since they express CCR5, T-bet and produce high levels of IFN-gamma. Thus, they share relevant characteristics with both T regulatory type I cells (Tr1) and Th1 cells and we called them Th1-10 cells. In this study we presented a molecular characterization of Th1-10 cells that includes a gene expression and a microRNA profiling and performed functional studies to assess Th1-10 cells regulatory properties. We demonstrated that Th1-10 cells have a high regulatory potential being able to block the proliferation of activated CD4 naïve T cells to a similar extent as conventional Treg cells, and that this suppression capacity is at least partially mediated by secreted IL10. We showed also that Th1-10 cells are closely related to Th1 effector memory cells and express genes involved in cytotoxicity. In particular, they express the transcription factor EOMES and the cytotoxic effector molecules GZMA and GZMK, and they release cytotoxic granules upon stimulation. Moreover, we found that Eomes regulates cytotoxic functions in CD4+ T cells. We demonstrated that miR-92a, selectively downregulated in Th1-10 cells, directly targets the 3’UTR of EOMES.and this finding identifies miR-92a as a possible mediator of Th1-10 cytotoxicity. Th1-10 cells retain some proliferative capacity when sorted ex vivo and activated in vitro via their TCR, and this effect is markedly enhanced by IL-15, which also had a pro-survival effect on Th-10 cells. Thus, in contrast to conventional cytotoxic T cells, Th1-10 cells have cytotoxic and regulatory functions and are not terminally differentiated, since they retain proliferative capacity.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
De Simone, Marco
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
CD4+ T cells; Regulatory T cells; Th1 cells; Tr1 cells; IL-10; cytotoxicity; suppression
Data di discussione
11 Aprile 2014

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