Messa a punto di processi biotecnologici per la produzione di biocombustibili da matrici organiche di rifiuto

Capodicasa, Serena (2008) Messa a punto di processi biotecnologici per la produzione di biocombustibili da matrici organiche di rifiuto, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biocatalisi applicata e microbiologia industriale, 20 Ciclo.
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The bioproduction of materials and energy from renewable sources (industrial biotechnology) is getting more and more interest in order to improve environmental sustainability of chemical industrial processes and to decrease their dependence from oil. Anaerobic digestion of organic waste matrices (agricultural and industrial wastes, organic fraction of municipal wastes, sewage sludges etc.) may play an important role in the implementation of industrial biotechnology being a well developed strategy in the valorization of complex matrices, as it can mineralize them while producing bioenergy in the form of a biogas rich in methane. In this research the potential of anaerobic digestion in the treatment of polluted sewage sludge was studied by developing three set of anaerobic microcosms with sludges differently contaminated by xenobiotic compounds. The effect of different incubating temperatures and of exogenous carbon and vitamine sources was investigated along with the role of the occurring microbial populations in the pollutant degradation activity. So, while confirming the potential of anaerobic digestion for the biomethanization of sewage sludges, this work proved the effectiveness of this technology in the removal of pollutants too. Moreover, since the degradation of lignocellulose appears to be a limiting step in the anaerobic treatment of a wide range of biomass, the possibility of optimizing anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic substrates was also studied. To this aim a research was carried out at the BOKUUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Department for Agrobiotechnology, IFA - Tulln, where mixed cellulolytic cultures were isolated from biogas plants while assessing the metabolic pathway leading to cellulose degradation and verifying their capability to grow on lignocellulose too, proving that on the long term such bacterial cultures could be used as inoculum in order to improve the hydrolysis of lignocellulose in anaerobic digestion plants.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Capodicasa, Serena
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
biotecnologie bianche biometano digestione anaerobica fanghi di supero batteri cellulosolitici
Data di discussione
5 Maggio 2008

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