La placca carotidea vulnerabile. Identificazione di marcatori molecolari endoteliali predittivi di debolezza della placca, predisposizione alla rottura e neoangiogenesi

Vasuri, Francesco (2014) La placca carotidea vulnerabile. Identificazione di marcatori molecolari endoteliali predittivi di debolezza della placca, predisposizione alla rottura e neoangiogenesi, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chirurgiche, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6353.
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Background. Neoangiogenesis is crucial in plaque progression and instability. Previous data from our group demonstrated that intra-plaque neovessels show both a Nestin+/WT+ and a Nestin+/WT1- phenotype, the latter being correlated with complications and plaque instability. Aims. The aims of the present thesis are: (i) to confirm our previous results on Nestin/WT1 phenotype in a larger series of carotid atheromatous plaques, (ii) to evaluate the relationship between the Nestin+/WT1- neoangiogenesis phenotype and plaque morphology, (iii) to evaluate the relationship between the immunohistochemical and histopathological characteristics and the clinical instability of the plaques. Materials and Methods. Seventy-three patients (53 males, 20 females, mean age 71 years) were consecutively enrolled. Symptoms, brain CT scan, 14 histological variables, including intraplaque hemorrhage and diffuse calcifications, were collected. Immunohistochemistry for CD34, Nestin and WT1 was performed. RT-PCR was performed to evaluate Nestin and WT1 mRNA (including 5 healthy arteries as controls). Results. Diffusely calcified plaques (13 out of 73) were found predominantly in females (P=0.017), with a significantly lower incidence of symptoms (TIA/stroke) and brain focal lesions (P=0.019 and P=0.013 respectively) than not-calcified plaques, but with the same incidence of intraplaque complications (P=0.156). Accordingly, both calcified and not calcified plaques showed similar mean densities of positivity for CD34, Nestin and WT1. The density of Nestin and WT1 correlated with the occurrence of intra-plaque hemorrhage in all cases, while the density of CD34 correlated only in not-calcified plaques. Conclusions. We confirmed that the Nestin+/WT1- phenotype characterizes the neovessels of instable plaques, regardless the real amount of CD34-positive neoangiogenesis. The calcified plaques show the same incidence of histological complications, albeit they do not influence symptomatology and plaque vulnerability. Female patients show a much higher incidence of not-complicated or calcified plaques, receiving de facto a sort of protection compared to male patients.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Vasuri, Francesco
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Atherosclerosis; Calcification; Histopathology; Immunohistochemistry; Vulnerable Plaque.
Data di discussione
2 Aprile 2014

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