Chiroptical properties of bioactive molecules: sensitivity to conformation and solvation

Tedesco, Daniele (2014) Chiroptical properties of bioactive molecules: sensitivity to conformation and solvation, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6337.
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Chiroptical spectroscopies play a fundamental role in pharmaceutical analysis for the stereochemical characterisation of bioactive molecules, due to the close relationship between chirality and optical activity and the increasing evidence of stereoselectivity in the pharmacological and toxicological profiles of chiral drugs. The correlation between chiroptical properties and absolute stereochemistry, however, requires the development of accurate and reliable theoretical models. The present thesis will report the application of theoretical chiroptical spectroscopies in the field of drug analysis, with particular emphasis on the huge influence of conformational flexibility and solvation on chiroptical properties and on the main computational strategies available to describe their effects by means of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations. The combination of experimental chiroptical spectroscopies with state-of-the-art computational methods proved to be very efficient at predicting the absolute configuration of a wide range of bioactive molecules (fluorinated 2-arylpropionic acids, β-lactam derivatives, difenoconazole, fenoterol, mycoleptones, austdiol). The results obtained for the investigated systems showed that great care must be taken in describing the molecular system in the most accurate fashion, since chiroptical properties are very sensitive to small electronic and conformational perturbations. In the future, the improvement of theoretical models and methods, such as ab initio molecular dynamics, will benefit pharmaceutical analysis in the investigation of non-trivial effects on the chiroptical properties of solvated systems and in the characterisation of the stereochemistry of complex chiral drugs.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Tedesco, Daniele
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
ECD spectroscopy, TD-DFT calculations, stereochemistry, absolute configuration, conformational analysis, solvation effects, chirality, bioactive molecules
Data di discussione
14 Aprile 2014

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