Aging in human liver and skeletal muscle: studies on proteasomes

Martucci, Morena (2014) Aging in human liver and skeletal muscle: studies on proteasomes, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia e patologia sperimentale, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6292.
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Aging is a complex phenomenon that affects organs and tissues at a different rate. With advancing age, the skeletal muscle undergoes a progressive loss of mass and strength, a process known as sarcopenia that leads to a decreased mobility and increased risk of falls and invalidity. On the other side, another organ such as the liver that is endowed with a peculiar regenerative capacity seems to be only marginally affected by aging. Accordingly, clinical data indicate that liver transplantation from aged subjects has, in specific conditions, function and duration comparable to those achievable with grafts of liver from young donors. The molecular mechanisms involved in these peculiar aging patterns are still largely unknown, but it is conceivable that protein degradation machineries might play an important role, as they are responsible for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Indeed, it has been suggested that alteration of proteostasis may contribute to the onset and progression of several age-related pathological conditions, including skeletal muscle wasting and sarcopenia, as well as to the aging phenotypes. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is one of the most important cellular pathways for intracellular degradation of short-lived as well as damaged proteins. To date, studies on the age-related modifications of proteasomes in liver and skeletal muscle were performed prevalently in rodents, with controversial results, while only preliminary observations have been obtained in human liver and skeletal muscle. In this scenario, we want to investigate and characterize in humans the age-related modifications of proteasomes of these two different organs.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Martucci, Morena
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Aging, Proteasome, Immunoproteasome, human skeletal muscle, human liver.
Data di discussione
16 Maggio 2014

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