La lotta del diritto contro il negazionismo: Un confine pericoloso. Particolare studio degli ordinamenti spagnolo e italiano

Teruel Lozano, German Manuel (2014) La lotta del diritto contro il negazionismo: Un confine pericoloso. Particolare studio degli ordinamenti spagnolo e italiano, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Stato, persona e servizi nell'ordinamento europeo e internazionale, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6262.
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In European society is growing the concern about the return of fascist and neo-Nazi ideologies and the spread of xenophobic and anti-Semitic, some of them fed from thesis which try to deny Holocaust and those tragic events. The struggle against these denier speeches has been carried beyond the social and academic level, and proposed the incorporation in the European legal systems of specific criminal offenses that incriminate this kind of speech: deny, trivialize, or justify the Holocaust or other genocides or serious crimes against humanity. It is a kind of speech socially repugnant, but this legislation, which finds the greatest expression in the Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA, presents doubts about its legitimacy in a system of freedoms built on the pillar of the pluralism of democratic States. Thus arises the question if new «crimes of opinion» can be emerging. The specific objective of this thesis is to analyze this policy in order to propose a configuration of the «crime of (Holocaust) denial» compatible with freedom of expression, although the decision of punishing this type of behaviour through a specific crime will be criticized. In particular, the thesis would answer three main questions: firstly, denier speech must be prima facie protected by freedom of speech in an open and personalist constitutional order and what might be the "rules" that could serve as criteria to justify a limit to this kind of manifestations? Secondly, how a criminal offense specifically incriminating this kind of speech could be configured in a manner respectfully of the constitutional principles? Thirdly, it is convenient or appropriate a criminal policy which specific incriminate this kind of speech?

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Teruel Lozano, German Manuel
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze giuridiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
costituzione, libertà di espressione, negazionismo, negationism, Holocaust, freedom of espression, constitutional law
Data di discussione
11 Aprile 2014

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