Production of bioactive peptides through sequencial action of Yarrowia lipolytica proteases and chemical glycation

Gottardi, Davide (2013) Production of bioactive peptides through sequencial action of Yarrowia lipolytica proteases and chemical glycation, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e biotecnologie degli alimenti, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5718.
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This PhD thesis is aimed at studying the suitability of proteases realised by Yarrowia lipolytica to hydrolyse proteins of different origins available as industrial food by-products. Several strains of Y. lipolytica have been screened for the production of extracellular proteases by zymography. On the basis of the results some strains released only a protease having a MW of 37 kDa, which corresponds to the already reported acidic protease, while other produced prevalently or only a protease with a MW higher than 200 kDa. The proteases have been screened for their "cold attitude" on gelatin, gluten and skim milk. This property can be relevant from a biotechnological point of view in order to save energy consumption during industrial processes. Most of the strains used were endowed with proteolytic activity at 6 °C on all the three proteins. The proteolytic breakdown profiles of the proteins, detected at 27 °C, were different related to the specific strains of Y. lipolytica. The time course of the hydrolysis, tested on gelatin, affected the final bioactivities of the peptide mixtures produced. In particular, an increase in both the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities was detected when the protease of the strain Y. lipolytica 1IIYL4A was used. The final part of this work was focused on the improvement of the peptides bioactivities through a novel process based on the production of glycopeptides. Firstly, the main reaction parameters were optimized in a model system, secondly a more complex system, based on gluten hydrolysates, was taken into consideration to produce glycopeptides. The presence of the sugar moiety reduced the hydrophobicity of the glycopeptides, thus affecting the final antimicrobial activity which was significantly improved. The use of this procedure could be highly effective to modify peptides and can be employed to create innovative functional peptides using a mild temperature process.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Gottardi, Davide
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Yarrowia lipolytica, extracellular proteases, glycation, glycosylation, peptides, bioactivities
Data di discussione
23 Maggio 2013

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