Chitosan based hydrogels for transmucosal drug delivery

Abruzzo, Angela (2013) Chitosan based hydrogels for transmucosal drug delivery, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmaceutiche, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5614.
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The aim of this thesis was the formulation of new chitosan based delivery systems for transmucosal drug administration. Transmucosal routes, such as buccal, vaginal and nasal routes, allow the circumvention of the hepatic first pass metabolism and avoid the gastrointestinal chemical and enzymatic degradations. Moreover, transmucosal drug administration can allow to avoid pain or discomfort caused by injections, when drugs are administered through parenteral routes, thus increasing patient compliance. On the other side, the major disadvantage of transmucosal drug administration is represented by the presence of biological fluids and mucus that can remove drug systems from the application site, thus reducing the contact time between drug and mucosa and consequently, decreasing drug bioavailability. For this reason, in this study, the investigation of chitosan delivery systems as mucoadhesive formulations able to increase drugs residence time and to improve their bioavailability, was taken into account. In the paper 1, buccal films based on chitosan-gelatin complexes were prepared and loaded with propranolol hydrochloride. The complexes were characterized and studied in order to evaluate their physical- chemical properties and their ability to release the drug and to allow its permeation through buccal mucosa. In the paper 2, vaginal inserts based on chitosan/alginate complexes were formulated for local delivery of chlorhexidine digluconate. Tests to evaluate the interaction between the polymers and to study drug release properties were performed, as well as the determination of antimicrobial activity against the patogens responsible of vaginitis and candidosis. In the project 3, chitosan based nanoparticles containing cyclodextrin and other excipients, with the capacity to modify insulin bioavailabity were formulated for insulin nasal delivery. Nanoparticles were characterized in terms of size, stability and drug release. Moreover, in vivo tests were performed in order to study the hypoglycemic reduction in rats blood samples.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Abruzzo, Angela
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
chitosan, mucoadhesion, transmucosal routes, polyelectrolyte complexes, nanoparticles
Data di discussione
30 Aprile 2013

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