Il gene KIT nella mastocitosi familiare

Tourlaki, Athanasia (2013) Il gene KIT nella mastocitosi familiare, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chirurgiche: progetto n. 3 "Scienze dermatologiche", 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5590.
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Familial cutaneous mastocytosis is an exceptional condition of unknown etiology. In this study we report the largest series of patients with familial cutaneous mastocytosis without other manifestations (18 affected subjects from seven unrelated families), and we investigate the role of germ-line KIT mutations in the pathogenesis of the disease. The mean age at onset was 5.4 years (range from birth to 22 years), and the clinical behavior was variable over a mean follow up period of 15.1 years (range 2-36): improvement in seven, stability in eight and worsening in the remaining three patients. The pattern of inheritance was compatible with an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance; a female preponderance (14 females vs 4 males, ratio 3.5:1) was noted; among the six women who have been pregnant at least once, three experienced important clinical changes during pregnancy. No germ-line mutation was found in the exons 10, 11, and 17 of the KIT proto-oncogene, which are the most commonly mutated exons in sporadic mastocytosis. However, in the majority of affected subjects we found the Met541Leu polymorphic variant of the KIT gene, which seems to confer a growth advantage to mast cells in vitro. This observation further suggests that the Met541Leu may be a predisposing factor of cutaneous mastocytosis, although it seems to be neither necessary nor sufficient for the development of the disease.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Tourlaki, Athanasia
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
16 Aprile 2013

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