Valutazione dello spostamento tridimensionale degli impianti in giovani pazienti affetti da EDs riabilitati con overdenture implanto-supportati

Battelli, Filippo (2013) Valutazione dello spostamento tridimensionale degli impianti in giovani pazienti affetti da EDs riabilitati con overdenture implanto-supportati, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze mediche generali e scienze dei servizi: progetto n. 2 "Odontoiatria per disabili", 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5519.
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Ectodermal Dysplasias syndrome (EDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders characterized by dysplasia of tissues of ectodermal origin. Complete or partial anodontia are the most frequent dental findings. Prosthetic rehabilitation is recommended from functional, esthetic, and psychological points of view. Because of the anatomical abnormalities of existing teeth and alveolar ridges, conventional prosthetic rehabilitation in young patient is often difficult. Five growing patients (age 9 to 11 years) with oligo- or anodontia were prosthetically rehabilitated. Panoramic film and Cone Bean Computerized Tomography were performed and a resin model of mandibular bone was made. Despite a remarkable multi-dimensional atrophy of the alveolar bone, the insertion of two tapered implants was possible. After a submerged healing period of 2 month, the implants were exposed and abutment connection was performed. Implants were connected with an expansion bar that permits mandibular growth and prosthetic retention. A removable prosthesis was constructed with ball attachments. Mandibular growth was followed and evaluated using the expansion guide and cephalometric radiographs. Mandibular growth in sagittal and transverse direction had no adverse effects on implant position. The expansion bar permitted the undisturbed growth of the mandible. After 4.5 years of follow-up, this study showed that Implant-supported overdenture may improve oral function, phonesis and esthetics. The mandibular rotation accompanying growth had not caused a significant problem relative to the angulation and migration of the implants. Implants can be successfully placed, restored and loaded in growing EDs patients. The cephalometric analysis supported that EDs patients show midface hypoplasia with a class III tendency, which can be avoided by early rehabilitation. Thanks to the good stability and retention of the implant-supported overdenture, patients considered the prostheses as comparable to natural teeth.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Battelli, Filippo
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
15 Aprile 2013

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