The European External Action Service and the Implementation of the 'Union Method' in European Foreign Policy

Gatti, Mauro (2013) The European External Action Service and the Implementation of the 'Union Method' in European Foreign Policy, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Diritto dell'Unione Europea, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5481.
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The European External Action Service (EEAS or Service) is one of the most significant and most debated innovations introduced by the Lisbon Treaty. This analysis intends to explain the anomalous design of the EEAS in light of its function, which consists in the promotion of external action coherence. Coherence is a principle of the EU legal system, which requires synergy in the external actions of the Union and its Members. It can be enforced only through the coordination of European policy-makers' initiatives, by bridging the gap between the 'Communitarian' and intergovernmental approaches. This is the 'Union method' envisaged by A. Merkel: "coordinated action in a spirit of solidarity - each of us in the area for which we are responsible but all working towards the same goal". The EEAS embodies the 'Union method', since it is institutionally linked to both Union organs and Member States. It is also capable of enhancing synergy in policy management and promoting unity in international representation, since its field of action is delimited not by an abstract concern for institutional balance but by a pragmatic assessment of the need for coordination in each sector. The challenge is now to make sure that this pragmatic approach is applied with respect to all the activities of the Service, in order to reinforce its effectiveness. The coordination brought by the EEAS is in fact the only means through which a European foreign policy can come into being: the choice is not between the Community method and the intergovernmental method, but between a coordinated position and nothing at all.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Gatti, Mauro
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze giuridiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
European Union, European External Action Service, Foreign Policy, Union Method, Coherence, Diplomacy, Lisbon Treaty, Unione Europea, Servizio Europeo per l'Azione Esterna, coerenza, Metodo dell'Unione, Diplomazia, Politica estera, Trattato di Lisbona
Data di discussione
27 Maggio 2013

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