Ribosome Biogenesis and cell cycle regulation: Effect of RNA Polymerase III inhibition

Onofrillo, Carmine (2013) Ribosome Biogenesis and cell cycle regulation: Effect of RNA Polymerase III inhibition, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia e patologia sperimentale: progetto n. 1 "Oncologia", 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5422.
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In cycling cells positive stimuli like nutrient, growth factors and mitogens increase ribosome biogenesis rate and protein synthesis to ensure both growth and proliferation. In contrast, under stress situation, proliferating cells negatively modulate ribosome production to reduce protein synthesis and block cell cycle progression. The main strategy used by cycling cell to coordinate cell proliferation and ribosome biogenesis is to share regulatory elements, which participate directly in ribosome production and in cell cycle regulation. In fact, there is evidence that stimulation or inhibition of cell proliferation exerts direct effect on activity of the RNA polymerases controlling the ribosome biogenesis, while several alterations in normal ribosome biogenesis cause changes of the expression and the activity of the tumor suppressor p53, the main effector of cell cycle progression inhibition. The available data on the cross-talk between ribosome biogenesis and cell proliferation have been until now obtained in experimental model in which changes in ribosome biogenesis were obtained either by reducing the activity of the RNA polymerase I or by down-regulating the expression of the ribosomal proteins. The molecular pathways involved in the relationship between the effect of the inhibition of RNA polymerase III (Pol III) activity and cell cycle progression have been not yet investigated. In eukaryotes, RNA Polymerase III is responsible for transcription of factors involved both in ribosome assembly (5S rRNA) and rRNA processing (RNAse P and MRP).Thus, the aim of this study is characterize the effects of the down-regulation of RNA Polymerase III activity, or the specific depletion of 5S rRNA. The results that will be obtained might lead to a deeper understanding of the molecular pathway that controls the coordination between ribosome biogenesis and cell cycle, and might give useful information about the possibility to target RNA Polymerase III for cancer treatment.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Onofrillo, Carmine
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
RNA Polymerase III, 5S rRNA
Data di discussione
16 Maggio 2013

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